Oh glorious holiday weekend! Traffic jams, traffic jams and even more traffic jams. Soon, there might be a more convenient and sustainable way to visit the family.



Eviation Aircraft, an Israeli manufacturer of electronic planes, is currently developing a commuter plane to fit nine passengers and two crewmembers for regional traffic. The company is relying on 3D technology from Stratasys. Using 3D printing in the development does not only save money, but time. Find the whole article here.

Tech Crunch Disrupt

Tech Crunch Disrupt NY 2013

Companies using disruptive technologies, such as 3D printing, will affect the competition at market entry. Even seemingly small companies can challenge large competitors by finding a niche and providing a customizable product to meet the consumers’ heterogeneous tastes. A new paper on the disruptive theory applicable to additive manufacturing has been released in the International Journal of Production Economics. A link to the paper can be found in this article by 3dprintingindustry.com.

The $200 3D Printer That Rocks

Posted by Editor On June - 6 - 2017ADD COMMENTS

Chinese-made 3D printer may be the best buy on the internet

By Taila Rodrigues

The $200 3D Printer That Rocks

Are you looking for a great 3D printer under $200? How about the Anet A8.

The Anet A8 is a useful, yet affordable, 3D printer that is perfect for beginners — a completely do-it-yourself 3D printer anyone can put together. Produced by the Anet company based in China, the A8 is priced at around $160-$200. The design can be compared to a Prusa i3 3D printer — a sturdy, reliable model.

As a good entry-level 3D printer, the assembly is technically easy, in that all the steps are fairly simple to follow and straight-forward in direction with the provided Youtube videos clearly showing how to do everything in a way that eliminates all guesswork. There is no soldering or any advanced assembly knowledge required. It is mostly screws — but there are a lot of steps which makes it a big project. When fully-assembled, it enables one to print 3D objects from a large array of different kind of materials and provides an impressive build envelope.

It is fun to build your own printer and rewarding in that, in case something brakes, you can tinker with it yourself. It took me five days to assemble the 3D printer — around 20 hours in all including the reading of instructions and the watching of videos. The key to success is everything needs to be perfectly level. The building process is intuitive, and it is not too difficult but it does require concentration and patience.

When calibrated and upgraded properly, it can print like the more expensive printers producing really good results. The quality of the prints is amazing. You can find a list of upgrades online for the A8 that you can download for free from Thingiverse.com. Some of the new parts provide better performance for the A8 and are recommended first prints. Interestingly there is no glass provided for the bed, but that is a simple and cheap addition made possible by using the glass from a photography frame from Ikea.

Building this printer not only helps keep the cost down for the aspiring printr but it also gives one a great sense of accomplishment. Understanding all the components will help one truly understand 3D printing at a personal level.

The user interface driving the 3D printer is very simple. There is an easy-to-read screen and five buttons (up, down, left, right, and select).

The recommended software to run with the printer is Cura or Repetier-Host for Windows, Linux, or Mac OS.

The community support for the A8 is amazing. There is a lot of crowd-sourced options for improvements, mods, upgrades, tweaks, and maintenance tips, as with all the upgrades. Also, the Facebook group helping with advances and sharing experiences.

So far so good, in terms of using this printer after two months since assembly everything is running well. It certainly exceeded my expectations.

The $200 3D Printer That Rocks

This printer is great for anyone who has interest in 3D printing and can not spend that much.

● Hot Bed Size: 220 x 220 x 240mm
● Frame material: Acrylic
● Platform board: Aluminum Base
● Nozzle quantity: Single
● Nozzle diameter: 0.4mm
● Layer thickness: 0.1-0.3mm
● Memory card / offline print: SD card
● LCD screen: Yes
● Print speed: 100mm / s
● Supported Printing Material: ABS, Luminescent, Nylon PVA, PLA, PP, Wood
● Filament diameter: 1.75mm
● Supported File format: G-code, OBJ and STL

Taila Rodrigues is the Portuguese Editor for 3D Printr Magazine. She received her Bachelor’s degree in Computer Information Systems from Ourinhos Integrated Faculties (FIO) in Sao Paulo. In Paraná, she served in the Office of Social Services as director of the Municipal Department of Psycho-Social Assistance, helping people in situations of social vulnerability. She moved to Los Angeles, California in search of a personal development in technological skills.

Adventurous and inspired by curiosity, her motivation is her belief that technology can be accessible for people worldwide. Besides a passion for 3D modeling, her loves are photography, music, nature, yoga, and cats.

3D Printing at SpaceTech Expo

Posted by Editor On May - 30 - 2017ADD COMMENTS

Companies looking to be in space include GoEngineering, THK, Additec, Proto Labs, Purple Platypus, Airwolf3D, Splunk>, and more

By Gregory van Zuyen

3D Printing at SpaceTech Expo

The talking robot at the THK booth was an international hit

3D Printing at SpaceTech Expo

Next year’s event only promises to be more engaging

The most important thing you need to do right now is book travel and lodging to be in Pasadena, California between the dates of May 22-24, 2018. That is when SpaceTech Expo is happening at the Pasadena Convention Center and you will not want to miss it. Bring the kids. This event deserves the Governor’s Award for STEM Development. It’s the closest thing anyone can get to hanging out with astronauts themselves. All the people there are all qualified geniuses. And they are developing technology you want to discover. It’s nothing short of awe-inspiring.

3D Printing at SpaceTech Expo

The show had something for everyone at any age

Why Pasadena? Because that’s where Caltech resides. And anyone who knows will tell you that you have a satellite’s chance in the sun of getting into JPL without having graduated from Caltech with honors. Space exploration lives here.

3D Printing at SpaceTech Expo

Every aspect of space exploration was displayed for people to experience first-hand

SpaceTech Expo is expanding like the universe. The vast number of booths and offerings of this year’s expo were too numerous to mention in full. We had to limit this article to 3D printing specifically. We begin with GoEngineering.

3D Printing at SpaceTech Expo

GoEngineering’s 3D printing specialist Glen Chancellor demonstrates the Creaform’s ease of use

GoEngineering displayed their HandyScan Creaform scanner integrated with their editing software VX Elements to maximize their position in the scanning market, and frankly, they may be succeeding. Their device is barely over a pound and scans an object to within 30 microns of accuracy. Perfect for reverse engineering any spacecraft. It’s like waving around a baggie ziplocked with air. It’s LASER beams are precise, producing 480,000 measurements a second which is harmless to human exposure, and amazingly accurate. Patching the holes in the VX Elements software was a piece of cake. If I was running a city crime lab looking for the best means of recording forensic evidence, I would snag two for busy days. Price? $35,000.

The scanner market is huge. Huger than huge and few have grasped the importance of it’s impact on the future economy. Read driverless cars. Companies that get that will succeed for sure. SpaceTech taught us that this year.

Contributing Editor Fred Kaplan on scanning: “3D scanners produce point clouds of positional data. The point clouds are geometric samples of the object being scanned and often contain billions of points which require software to optimize the data and to export the data to a solid model such as a .STL file. 3D scanner software can smartly interpolate the point cloud to fill holes, merge meshes, optimize meshes, decimate meshes and create water-tight models ready to be 3D printed.

“3D scanners divide into two types of technologies. Laser Scanners that use a laser source that defines space by emitting laser light from two sources and recorded on camera in a process called triangulation and Touch probes or contact scanners recording positional data in 3D space by touching the surface of the object and clicking the device. Another technology that is used to record the surface imagery and the geometry of an object is call photogrammetry. Photogrammetry used an array of still cameras all pointed at an object or person. Software aligns the images, creates a visual reproduction of the surface and interpolates the geometry. Photogrammetry is used to create human reproductions because the process is recorded the duration of still camera shutter. There are also a variety of medical applications such as CT scans that are scans based upon the volume of an object.”

To be specific, understanding the scanning market takes foresight:
3D scanning is used in:
1) Inspection: to measure the size of an actual part to compare to the CAD that was original designed to increase the accuracy of the part and quality control.
2) Engineering: Creating CAD from an existing part to re-create something no longer being produced or to adapt something new from something old or replace old parts
3) Product Development: Feet and faces are commonly scanned for sizing shoes or eye glasses
4) Medical applications
5) GIS, mapping
6) LIDAR in autonomous cars

3D Printing at SpaceTech Expo

GoEngineering’s William Huertas shows how their software makes Creaform so effective

Kaplan went on: “Creaform scanners are hand-held that are fast and easy to use. The HandyScan scanner is made to scan the interior or the space stations as well as the auto, healthcare and manufacturing applications. The company originated as a scanner service provider but the HandyScan and GoScan packages have set the standard as the highest quality handheld scanners on the market. Creaform’s robotic mounted optical system is MetraScan which are 3D scanners that have been seamlessly integrated into automobile and other manufacturing assembly line operations.”

3D Printing at SpaceTech Expo

Additec — one of the many companies present at this year’s show

Technical Editor Tsion Asmamaw had this to say about the show: “Proto Labs was the company to visit at the show. This company provides injection molding, CNC machining, and 3D printing for customers who wish to budget themselves conservatively. They can see the proto type design before going ahead with any production or large scale manufacturing. I think the flexibility of this company will quickly create a good stream of customers exploring their vision in no time.”

Asmamaw also pointed out that GoEngineering wasn’t the only company sponsoring Stratasys products: “The second company I was interested in was PurplePlatypus. They displayed the impressive machines from Stratasys. The preciseness of the prints displayed at the booth were handheld examples of accuracy. One example was a human hand displayed with all the blood vessels in true color — all done with injection polyjetting by these incredible machines — the level of detail and realism can only help the medical education industry beyond measure.”

3D Printing at SpaceTech Expo

Julie from Airwolf3D in a brief moment between speaking with the many aerospace engineers who visited the booth in the busy three days of the expo

Airwolf3D also presented at the show and, as has been written previously, is a company worthy of taking into space. Their Axiom made a hit with engineers, who although celebrated in their mechanics, have yet to experience 3D printing. Credit goes to Airwolf3D for speaking to this awe-inspiring level of genius it takes to do rocket science. This company is closer than most to being in space. That’s all I go to say.

Lastly, I want to bring your attention to a company that, by all aspects, is not 3D printing related. It is my hope 3D printing companies will seize upon this aspect of technological innovation to improve their products at exponential rate. That company is called Splunk>.

3D Printing at SpaceTech Expo

Devon Bolton, account manager for aerospace & defense for Splunk>

Splunk> does data-mining and analytical feedback on levels that make one ponder what cannot be done. Their team has grown steadily in their application of brilliance in what they are achieving. Keep in mind, this is SpaceTech Expo. This is NASA-grade data-mining analysis. Talking to the team at Splunk> is like trying to have a conversation with a genius cousin on scholarship to MIT. These guys see data in ways that make the notion of cosmic-shift likely. Their story on developing better subway braking systems makes me proud to have met them. Remember you heard of them here first.

Plan now for next year’s SpaceTech. Make a family trip of it and develop a love of science in even the youngest of keen investors.

Gregory van Zuyen is managing editor of 3D Printr Magazine and an instructor is 3D printing at Santa Monica College.

RAPID + TCT 2017 Event Report

Posted by Fred Kaplan On May - 21 - 2017ADD COMMENTS

Confessions of a 3D printing nerd at 3D printing’s biggest show of the year

By Fred Kaplan

RAPID + TCT 2017 Event Report

I admit it, I have an unhealthy obsession with 3D-printer tradeshows but the 2017 Rapid + TCT show, held May 8-11 in Pittsburgh, signaled the next iteration of 3D printing. All right, so what’s the big deal? How about a seemingly endless supply of new functional end-use 3D-printing technologies, and materials that had to be seen to be believed.

Carbon 3D
The best example of 3D-printing end-use parts was at the Carbon 3D booth. Carbon 3D burst onto the 3D-printing scene with a 2015 TED talk that has been viewed more than 700,000 times. After two years of anticipation and speculation during which Kodak announced that it would be providing materials for the printer, Carbon 3D is now leasing printers to end users.

Carbon3D Shoe Lattice

Carbon 3D recently partnered with Adidas to develop the first  3D-printed part that will be mass produced for consumer use; the midsoles of Futurecraft 4D shoes. Midsoles of shoes traditionally can’t be injection or compression molded in one piece with variable flexibility in a single piece. Carbon 3D experimented with a variety of lattices that were printed with a variety of production grade elastomers that don’t require support or excess materials — which reduce the manual post-processing steps of traditional 3D-printing. Adidas will have 5,000 pairs available in the fall/winter of 2017.

Carbon3D Shoe

Desktop Metal
All the buzz at Rapid + TCT 2017 was about the Desktop Metal printers whose booth was at the geographic center of the David L. Lawrence Convention Hall. Desktop Metals used some of the $97 million funding it received from Google, BMW, Saudi Aramico, GE, and others to sponsor the nametag lanyards, the convention hall wireless, and everything else that held still long enough to be branded. The anticipation for a desktop printer capable of printing in metal materials has hit an all-time frenzy.

Desktop Metals announced two systems the Studio and the Production systems. The Studio printer will be available in the fall of 2017, is designed to print individual metal parts. The Production system, designed for large-scale production, will be available in 2018.

Along with the announcement of the Studio Printer, Desktop Metals has announced an office-friendly sinter oven that reaches a peak temperature of 1400 celsius to post-process printed parts. With a price tag more than $120K, the printers promise to safely and easily print many metal alloys at a fraction of the cost of previous metal 3D printers. Among the advantages, Desktop Metals offers the raw material encased in a rod of metal and binder, instead of powdered metals that are possibly flammable — and definitely dangerous — and the ability to affordably and easily print a wide variety of different alloys. I was excited to see sample parts in all three stages of the process.

The first step in the process is the extrusion of metal and binder that is printed larger than the final product. The next step is the binder is removed, and the third step is the part is sintered in a sintering oven which shrinks the printed part to the expected size. The temperature of the sintering will vary depending on the metal alloy,but the temperature could be as high as 1400 C. Markforged also offers a similar product, the Metal X which has been said will be available in the fall of 2017.

The HP booth featured their Jet Fusion 3200 and 4200 printers which leverage HP’s history of jetting inks and fluids in traditional 2D desktop printers. The build area of the HP printers is 2,440 cubic inches (15″ x 11.2″ x 14.6″) and its ability to print on a voxel by voxel basis (the 3D equivalent of a screen pixel) simultaneously on the X and Y axis which yields high-quality printed parts ten times faster than a traditional FDM 3D-printer. HP have used the advantages of printing in powder (speed plus printing with no attached support structure) to create a profitable return on investment on 3D-printing projects similar to mid-size injection molded runs.

The HP Jet Fusion printers use a new series of processes developed by HP which include thermal control, fusing, and detailing agents printed in the X-Y axis on a layer of the printing material which is currently a low-cost nylon, PA12 powder. Future material developments will include full color parts and a variety of materials including ceramics.

The theme of producing functional end-use part has expanded and the UnionTech booth showed all four of their SLA printers. The largest build size is the RSPro 800 which has a build platform of 31.5″ x 31.5″ x 19.7″.

What I find most interesting about the UnionTech printers is that they offer the highest quality SLA printing with open source materials — which means that there is an almost endless selection of material options, including DSM materials, BASF and any other SLA printing materials on the market. The printers are assembled in China with globally-sourced parts. By increasing their laser power, UnionTech is able to increase the print speed of their 3D printers by 100% over competitive printers.

What makes a trade show like Rapid + TCT 2017 so great is the opportunity to see a technology, and feel the sample part of that technology that hitherto seems to be internet lore. XJET is an Israeli company whose CEO was the CTO of Objet Geometries — the original PolyJET 3D printer. XJET uses the concept of jetting microscopic particles of material to form an object, replacing thermoplastics with solid metal nanoparticles, suspended in a liquid ink, in a process called “NanoParticle Jetting.” The sample parts I felt were completely smooth with no visible or tactile evidence of layer lines on the sample parts.

I was pleased to see technological surprises in every row of vendors at the show. I have been anxious to see the Roboze 3D printer that prints in Ultem/PEI and PEEK, as well as 14 other industrial grade materials with more to come. Printing in PEEK and Utem requires extremely high temperatures which triggered my expectation of seeing a 3D printer reminiscent of a Soviet-era monstrosity, but instead, I found the Robooze printers to be sleek and elegantly designed. They are office-friendly printers that emit no heat on the exterior surface of the printer despite internal temperatures. Roboze is a completely gear-driven FDM printer that is accurate to within 25 microns across the print bed.

Do you think the world of additive manufacturing materials is limited to thermoplastics and metals? Wrong! Admatec, a Dutch company has combined DLP (digital light projection) 3D-printing with ceramics in their new Admaflex 130. The materials that the Amdaflex print are alumina, zirconia and fused silica. The advantages of ceramics include extreme hardness and excellent electrical insulation. They are also lightweight parts that are functional in high temperature, and under high pressures.

After walking the Rapid + TCT 2017 show, my head was exploding with the brilliance of the technological and material options at all price points of 3D printing. The fall of 2017 promises to be an amazing time, in which we will see the amazing new printers hit the streets. The original technology of the SLA system that Chuck Hull developed 30 years ago is being adapted to be perhaps the most functional technology yet.

I left Pittsburgh knowing that rate of innovation is not slowing down and looking forward to next trade show with enthusiasm.

Fred Kaplan is a 3D-printing material specialist, who has worked with SLA, SLS, FDM, ColorJet, ADAM, DLP, LOM, FFF, MultiJet, Polyjet, and SDL 3D printers. Specializing in matching the best technology to a particular 3D printing application, he has also worked with many brands of 3D scanners and many CAD packages.

Prior to his work in additive manufacturing, Fred received a Los Angeles-area Emmy and other awards for documentary filmmaking.

Matterhackers Matter about Matter

Posted by Fred Kaplan On May - 16 - 2017ADD COMMENTS

3D printing is all about what will work best for the part

By Fred Kaplan

Matterhackers Matter about Matter

Matterhacker’s lab where products are tested and used

The first 3D printer company I worked for sold printers that made objects out of a refined and expensive form of gypsum. Gypsum has been called “Plaster of Paris” due to the proximity of the Montmartre quarries to the City of Lights. Gypsum is also the main ingredient of sheetrock or drywall — not exactly the strongest or sexist material that one would expect from a 3D printer but it worked well for its purpose at the time.

From humble plaster beginnings, 3D printing has always been a materials game. One cannot say what material is the best because every printing need is different. For many, PLA is the best material because it is easy and inexpensive. For the aerospace community, Ultem /PEI or PEEK are considered the holy grail of 3D-printable materials.

SPOILER ALERT // There will be a rash of new desktop metal printers coming out in the next twelve months which will produce fully dense metal part on what is comparably inexpensive $120,000 printers. //

The best materials are subject to what your intended use is for your 3D-printed part. Which can be divided into three groups.

  • Rapid Prototype: a geometric representation of the object to be viewed, held or snap fit to test the shape of the object perhaps in relationship to another object
  • Functional Prototype: The printed part may be subject to heat or stress to determine if the geometry fits and functions under specific conditions I would put 3D printed part that will be a casting in this category.
  • End Use Pars: which includes Tooling, Aerospace, Automotive, Medical, Dental, Jewelry, Food, Bioprinting, Clothing and more

Given the wide variety of uses for 3D-printed objects — everything from toothbrush holders to a functioning kidney — it’s crucial to know what materials you want before you purchase a 3D printer because the material you print with will affect the geometry of the part.

Matterhackers Matter about Matter

We spoke to MatterHackers’ Director of Marketing Dave Gaylord to get a greater understanding what 3D-printable materials are being used and why would one choose any particular material. Granted, we could have taken a six-year degree program in chemistry to get our answer but we figured asking Dave was like the same thing. MatterHackers opened in 2012 and currently represents over 70 manufacturers of 3D printers as well as a large assortment of filament materials including PLAABSnylonNylonX, SLA resins, Flex, PETG and more.

Matterhackers Matter about Matter

“sets MatterHackers apart is that they test and use the products they sell, much the way you would expect an innovative lab to work. Matterhackers’ website provides sought-after user forums where customer’s questions are answered by MatterHackers’ trained staff.

3D Printr Magazine: Can you tell me about MatterHackers?

Dave Gaylord: “MatterHackers is the largest 3D printer retailer in the United States. We are known for our customer service and we feel confident in our ability to provide all the information our customers need in order to use their 3D printer successfully. Our website features how-to guides on many subjects including how to calibrate your extrude, use cases that illustrate 3D printing applications, and generally inspire our customers with interesting designs. We write features stories about new products and accessories. There are 3D printer reviews and it’s a go-to resource for 3D printing. Recently we have been adding video content.”

3D Printr Magazine: Tell me about Matterhackers’ customers.

Dave Gaylord: “We have three distinct types of customers:

  • Hobbyist and Do It Yourself customers who are the root of the open source movement and our primary customer
  • The education community.
  • Professional Engineers. We have been selling into the professional market such as engineers what makes these customers unique they require greater geometric tolerances and the absolute best user experience. These customers will use 3D printed parts as an end use part.”

3D Printr Magazine: What materials are being used?

Matterhackers Matter about Matter

Dave Gaylord:“PLA is the most popular material, it’s easy to use so everybody uses it — unless there is some specific case requiring a more robust material. PETG (Polyethylene Terephthalate) is going to overtake a good bit of the market in the next year or two. PETG is easy to print with and it’s more durable. Our more advanced users are printing in nylon. MatterHackers’ in-house engineers are using nylon almost exclusively. It’s a stellar material that makes really strong parts and the layer adhesion of nylon is remarkable. Last year we announced our NylonX material which is a chopped carbon filled nylon. It’s a super strong, super stiff material that looks great right off the print bed. About a month ago we launched a PRO Series nylon that offers seven different color materials. Prior to this nylon was only available in the natural off-white color.”

3D Printr Magazine: What do you think is the best support structure method?

(3D printers add what’s called “support structure: when printing overhangs and to void the problems when the geometry would have plastic printing in mid-air. The most common form of support structure is a lattice of the printing material that is broken away in a post-printing process.)

Dave Gaylord: “Well that depends. If you don’t have dual-extrusion, the only option is printing in one material and breaking away the support material. If your 3D printer has dual-extrusion — meaning that the printer can print two different material in the same build — an additional material can be printed to physically support the build material. There are two soluble support materials — PVA (Polyvinyl alcohol) which dissolves in water when used with PLA plastic — and HIPS (high impact polystyrene), used with ABS plastic and removed using D-Limonene which is derived from citrus oils. We find that same material break-away supports work just fine. MatterHackers’ slicing software MatterControl has really great features that make easy-to-remove break-away support.”

3D Printr Magazine: Can you tell me more about the MatterControl software?

Matterhackers Matter about Matter

Dave Gaylord: “MatterControl software is free open source software that organizes and manages your 3D prints. It’s designed to help you get the most out of your 3D printer and its available for all operating systems including MatterControl Touch which is an Android-powered touchscreen controller that turns your 3D printer into an independent internet-connected device. Matter Control ships with many 3D printers as the original slicing software including SeeMeCNC and Robo3D. The slicing engine is continually being updated by our in-house software engineers. How can you beat free software that is easy to use?”

3D Printr Magazine: What’s your dream 3D printable material?

Dave Gaylord: “The material chemists in the 3D printing space have been very busy. New 3D printer materials are constantly being developed. We find the problem with many materials is that they are cost prohibitive for our market. PETG checks off a lot of the boxes on my checklist, particularly ease of use, strength, and durability. PETG is used to make water bottles, food packaging, and countless other plastic items. It combines the durability of ABS plastic with ease of use of PLA. Anything that PETG lacks as a 3D printable material, nylon fills the gap. It’s our primary material at MatterHackers.

“Nylon filament is incredibly strong, durable, and versatile. It warps a little if you don’t handle it properly and it is perceived to be a hard material to print but if you know how to handle it — it is an amazing tool. It is flexible when printed thin with very nice inter-layer adhesion. It’s low friction coefficient and high melting temperature makes nylon an excellent choice for 3D printing gears. Printing nylon requires temperatures higher than 240 degrees C. Most 3D printers come standard with hot ends made of PEEK and PTFE which begin to breakdown above 240 C, burn and emit noxious fumes. Make sure you check with your 3D printer manufacturer or email us your 3D printer information if you are unsure if you can print nylon safely.

“Most 3D printers can be upgraded with metal hot ends to print nylon safely and successfully. Nylon is also hydroscopic which means that it can absorb 10% of its weight in 24 hours so it is best if the Nylon material is dried in an oven at a temperature of 160-180 F for 6-8 hours. Store nylon in an airtight container.

“You can prevent the Nylon from warping by printing on a glass bed. We suggest a bed heated to 75 C with a thin layer of glue. To sum up, nylon is a great material that some people perceive to be difficult to print but if you use the tips I just mentioned or look at the information on the MatterHackers website you will enjoy the superior material characteristics of nylon. So I guess my dream material is either nylon or PETG.”

3D Printr Magazine: What’s MatterHackers bestselling material?

Dave Gaylord: “Our Pro series materials are our best sellers. The Pro Series filaments are engineered to highlight the strength of each type of material. Made to the highest tolerances in the USA. The PRO series includes PLA, ABS, PETG, nylon and Flex. MatterHackers stick behind the Pro series material like all the rest of the products we sell but you can use the pro materials with full confidence that you are getting the finest 3D printer material.”

3D Printr Magazine: Does MatterHackers sell material to print metal?

Dave Gaylord: “We sell thermoplastics filament infused with metal powders. The finish looks like bronze or stainless steel when you sand and polish it. They are not as strong as a fully dense metal part but it doesn’t require a $100,000 printer and a Hazmat suit.”

3D Printr Magazine: How have the 3D printer manufacturers improved their printers?

Dave Gaylord: “3D printer manufacturers have really dialed in user experience to the point that you can be 3D printing five minutes after the box is opened. Matter Controls is focusing on improving the user experience by creating presets to get the user printing quickly and having those settings match the different materials.”

3D Printr Magazine: How can you sell 70 printers? Does that confusion people?

Dave Gaylord: “It’s awesome! We have great conversations with our customers. We ask about their expectations and what their needs are. We ask questions such as, ‘Do you need a large build volume?’ ‘Are you focused on print speed?’ ‘Do you care about the visual aspect of what the printed part looks like?’ ‘How many printers do you want — one or a fleet?’ We can really dial in the needs of the customer because we have so many options, and each printer we sell is extensively tested by our team. We know the printers intimately and we can make strong recommendations based on our personal experiences.

“Having a great experience with a 3D printer really comes down to making sure that you — as the 3D printer user — understand what you need and what you can expect from the printer you buy. This is where MatterHackers excels. We regularly send out informative emails. Each printer we sell excels in different areas so it is important to make sure the customer gets all the information about the printers or the materials. People trust us because we aren’t a printer manufacturer. We have a broader vision of the whole 3D printing landscape.”

Fred Kaplan is a 3D-printing material specialist, who has worked with SLA, SLS, FDM, ColorJet, ADAM, DLP, LOM, FFF, MultiJet, Polyjet, and SDL 3D printers. Specializing in matching the best technology to a particular 3D printing application, he has also worked with many brands of 3D scanners and many CAD packages.

Prior to his work in additive manufacturing, Fred received a Los Angeles area Emmy and other awards for documentary filmmaking.

GABA Industry 4.0 Event Report

Posted by Franka Schoening On May - 14 - 2017ADD COMMENTS

GABA Industry 4.0 Event Report

Industry 4.0 — Is a future without warehouses and trucks an imminent reality?

By Franka Schoening

On Wednesday, May 10, 2017, the German American Business Association hosted their Industry 4.0 event “A Future without Warehouses and Trucks?” exploring the impact of 3D printing on manufacturing and supply chains.

Hosted by Georg Fischer in Irvine, attendees were able to gain an insight into the piping systems industry, explore the warehouse and discuss how 3D printing is supplementing milling and laser texturing. As a global player, the Swiss company thrives to be a first mover on emerging technologies to provide superior products at competitive prices.

GABA Industry 4.0 Event Report

Georg Fischer provided the Industry 4.0 venue with tours of its operations

The main event featured a panel of five industry professionals sharing their perspectives on additive manufacturing and its applicability to management consulting, marketing, manufacturing, software, and cyber security. Moderated by Charlie Duncheon, acting general manager North America of AP Works, an informative discussion emerged.

GABA Industry 4.0 Event Report

GABA Industry 4.0 panel from left: Charlie Duncheon, Klaus Brisch, Frank Speck, Chris Langdon, Oliver Schuh, and Max Eils

Dr. Oliver Schuh, managing director of Real Difference Management Consulting, pointed out the importance of managing people when introducing new technologies. Change management is crucial for a successful design evolution, as engineers are functionally fixated and need help to let go of their old ways and embrace a new way of thinking. Frank Speck, IG chair of Industry 4.0, GABA Southern California Chapter and Business Development Manager at Authentise added that Authentise is providing software solutions that are highly tailored. These solutions allow clients to tackle one specific problem and seamlessly integrate into companies’ existing systems. Most employees get overwhelmed by too many concurrent changes, which can lead to unexploited software. To foster successful technological changes, Speck stressed the importance of creating custom-made solutions, as supposed to pushing large software packages. Max Eils, area sales manager West at EOS of North America, furthermore agreed that learning opportunities have to be readily available for engineers.

Chris Langdon, PhD, president of Pacific Coast Research Inc. and a research associate professor at Claremont Graduate University’s Peter F. Drucker and Masatoni Ito Graduate School of Management stressed the importance of data analysis to create smart products. These products “adapt themselves to fit customers and sell themselves based on knowing/understanding the customer.” In his opinion, the products that are the most convenient and easiest to use will be the most successful. Collection of real-time feedback is a challenge, however crucial as 3D printing allows for immediate adaptation in the manufacturing process.

Using data can improve all processes, the product itself, and even make recommendations on which printer to use. CAD files are already entirely constructed of data and can be quickly and easily improved through the analysis of collected statistics. Traditional manufacturing on the other hand is not digitized and slow to improve.

The statement of immediate product improvement was also supported by Max Eils, who added that data received during the printing process can decrease the waste of resources, as well as needed warehouse space as less unnecessary parts are created.

Not surprisingly, audience questions regarding personal privacy arose, as data sharing goes hand in hand with personal consumer information being collected and stored. Klaus Brisch, Partner and Certified IT Lawyer at DWF Law, was quick to point out that cyber security is essential for the commercial practice of additive manufacturing. Sensitive date and knowhow are constantly floating through the cloud with most consumers unaware this is happening. He admitted that ensuring datatheft protection will be an ongoing challenge.

After Frank Speck summarized the prominent advantages of additive manufacturing, namely: higher accuracy, faster production, adaptability, and part reduction the question of potential monetary savings was posed. Charlie Duncheon used an example from current developments at Airbus, where AP Works is using 3D printing to manufacture armrests and partitions. Interestingly, while the production cost is initially higher for either part respectively — the armrest as much as 75% — the reduced weight will result in millions of savings in fuel costs over the lifetime of the Airbus 320. Max Eils supplemented this observation by sharing that a fuel nozzle that used to be assembled of 19 parts can now be printed as one, which does not only signify time savings, but also facilitates fuel injection. This consequently enhanced engine performance and is reflected in millions of dollars saved over a jets lifespan.

As a closing thought, Speck touched upon the potential of the industry as a whole. While the growth might look linear at the start, and while we are still only touching the surface of possibilities, he is certain that developments in additive manufacturing will exponentially grow over the years. Don’t we all hope for that?

To find out more about membership in GABA, visit the German American Business Association.

Franka Schoening, a German native, moved to sunny Southern California in 2011 to attain her Masters of Communications Management at the University of Southern California. Since graduating she has worked in operations in the medical industry and as group events coordinator in eco-tourism.

In her free time you can find her in the rabbit room at the South Los Angeles Animal Shelter, cooking vegan feasts, treasure hunting at estate sales and thrift stores, or picking up a random new hobby, lately sewing. She also organizes events and fundraisers for LA Rabbit Foundation and has a small rabbit boarding business.

Head-to-Head Competition: Type A Machines Series 1 Pro against Airwolf3D Axiom

Class lab test shows which 3D printer comes up on top

By Gregory van Zuyen

In developing Santa Monica College Continuing Education’s 3D printing program last year, the college purchased a Series 1 Pro from Type A Machine for the campus 3D printing lab. As a 3D printing instructor there, I have been grateful. Although the Series 1 Pro was not auto-leveling at the time of our purchase, our Series 1 Pro delivers as a 3D printer should. In the rare times the filament thread has stuck or broken off in the extruder, solving it was the simplest of tasks. My grandmother could do it. In the dark. With her eyes closed.

There is nothing fancy about the Type A Machines Series 1 Pro. What it does is go and go and go. It is the Dodge truck of 3D printers. Fittingly, the Type A Machine 3D printer headquarters is housed in the former Chrysler factory in Oakland, California. There must be something about that because the Type A Machine is reliable and can easily handle big jobs just like cars and trucks that rolled out of its factory in the 60s and 70s.

I met with Jack Licorish of Airwolf3D at the Inside 3D Printing show in San Diego on Dec 14, 2016. We spoke about what the college was doing and Airwolf3D agreed to loan the SMC Continuing Education’s 3D printing lab an Axiom for 60 days to see how it did against the school’s Type A Machine Series 1 Pro.

The head-to-head competition was on.

Head-to-Head Competition: Type A Machines Series 1 Pro against Airwolf3D Axiom

Santa Monica College Continuing Education student Elizabeth Yuricek at the desk of the campus 3D printing lab

We installed an Axiom alongside the Series 1 Pro in our 3D printing lab at SMC Continuing Ed. The students were allowed to print their objects to either machine and we compared all matters of printing results. The rest of this report is the culmination of our classroom findings based upon the qualifications of build space, cost, maintenance, software, filament, resolution, and reliability.

Build Space

One of the reasons the college ordered the Type A Machine’s Series 1 Pro was due in part to its spacious build envelope of one cubic foot (305mm x 305mm x 305mm). The condition with the Series 1 Pro is the build space is in the open, and there is no confinement of the print within a closed space. From a teaching standpoint, this is great. Students can see the print in action from every angle.

The Axiom sizes up nicely to the Series 1 Pro in terms of build space at 12.5″ x 8″ x 10″ (317.5mm x 203.2mm x 254mm) build space, but in the Axiom’s case, Airwolf3D provides a full enclosure for the heat-retention necessary for printing materials such as ABS and nylon. The enclosure, made of plexiglass in a sturdy four-posted aluminum frame, has a magnetic door catch in the front and a removable plexiglass top to access the extruder from above. Access to the 3D printer for maintenance or upgrades is made possible by four screws on the top of the frame.

Although this has nothing to do with 3D print production, the Axiom has blue LCD lights installed along the edges of the plexiglass that added a “wow” factor with the students when the 3D printer was turned on by a switch located in the back.


The cost difference between the two 3D printers is moderate and Airwolf3D is the winner in this category. Also, for twice the price of the Series 1 Pro, however, Airwolf3D provides an Axiom 20 model with a build space of 12.5″ x 12″ x 20″ (317.5mm x 304.8mm x 508mm).


Type A Machine recently announced development of an auto-leveling device that is attachable to our Series 1 Pro 2016 model. A key difference with the Airwolf3D is it has an auto-leveling feature ready to go. It also has a wire brush cleaning station installed within the printer. The Axiom automatically passes the extruder through the wire brush and levels out the bed before each print.

Both 3D printers print on glass. Bed adhesion for the Series 1 Pro is glue stick. Since the bed is white, we found colored glue sticks are a big plus. It’s a simple process and clean-up consists of heating up the bed and wiping off old glue with damp paper towels.

Head-to-Head Competition: Type A Machines Series 1 Pro against Airwolf3D Axiom

Carlos of Airwolf3D introducing the Axiom operations and use of the Wolfbite bed adhesion solutions (foreground)

Airwolf3D patented a bed adhesion chemical solution called Wolfbite. Wolfbite is approximately $20 a bottle and comes in separate bottled solutions to match the materials being printed. It works exceedingly well and the solution is applied sparingly before each print with a sponge brush to lightly coat the glass. The Axiom glass bed slides in and out of firm aluminum grips much like a refrigerator shelf. This allows for easy washing of the bed in a sink using warm water.


Type A Machines, like many other printers, run on Cura slicing software, made by Ultimaker. The Type A Machines team modified Cura with a genius infill design called Cura Type A. Airwolf3D powers their slicing delivery with a software called Apex, which has been crafted on the Cura frame. It’s Cura, only in red and black and with a few missing controls. It works just like Cura, so picking up the pace on Apex took no time at all and we were rocking and rolling.

Jobs are ported into the Axiom by a USB to printer port cable through the back, although the Axiom 3D printers come available with wireless. The Series 1 Pro is wireless and once turned on my a convenient button in the front, the printer begins sending a wi-fi connection to available stations for the sending of file through the login of a specified web page. The Series 1 Pro has a camera installed for viewing the print as it happens from another room or location. Jobs are processed and logged through the web page. The page is also the means of control for the 3D printer’s heating, bed height, and extruder placement.

Many of the controls for the Axiom are through a toggle display window on the front of the printer. A dial knob allows window prompt choices for managing the 3D printer’s features and initialing commands. Beside the display window is a micro SD card slot for supplying print jobs.


The Series 1 Pro prints in 1.75 mm filament and the Airwolf3D prints in 2.88 mm. One of the conditions of the Axiom is to be handy at dovetailing the beginning of a new filament to load the Axiom. Tapered just right, it feeds nicely. If you are having to wait for it to autofeed, you will need to taper it again.

Both 3D printer companies applaud open source suppliers of filaments for their machines even while they themselves provide premium filaments made on site. The company filaments we used were a close match in comparison although we had to dial up the bed setting on the Series 1 Pro to 60 celsius to get better adhesion on the corners of the print. Printing ABS on the Series 1 Pro voids the warranty, but the company does provide a variety of filaments such as wood, copper and bronze alloys, polycarbonate, and carbon fiber filaments. You can also still print ABS on it if you really wanted.

That being said the AxiomE has upwards of 40 possible filaments to print with, including Hydrofill, a new support filament that melts out in 30 to 45 minutes in warm water.


Axiom was clearly the big winner in this department. Near the end of our 60-day trial, we sent the same job to both 3D printers, each with the same settings all around, without adjusting for combing or altering the default settings for the supports. As our class concluded, we examined the two prints, side by side, and the Axiom did a much better job in the same amount of time. It’s print was cleaner and more attractive, with virtually no clean-up. In reference to default settings, the Apex software has better settings than Cura. Airwolf3D support stems break away with ease. Cura support stems end up getting painted over and considered permanent parts of the print.

Head-to-Head Competition: Type A Machines Series 1 Pro against Airwolf3D Axiom

Santa Monica College Continuing Education’s Series 1 Pro printing a student project


I cannot say enough about Type A Machines in this category. I would take their printer into space. But I would also take an Airwolf3D. It proved as reliable in manufacture and operation. There was only one instance of a failed print, and the source of the problem seemed to be the file itself. All the other files we sent printed fine, except one file in which, despite repeated attempts, the print would get hung up in the same spot every time. In this particular case, class agreed to call it a fluke.

While Santa Monica College is happy to have the Series 1 Pro as a permanent feature of the campus 3D printing lab, it was the class consensus that the Axiom is the winner of this competition. Because of its features like print resolution, cost, material diversity, auto-leveling and easy clean-up, this is a superior machine to have.

Gregory van Zuyen is managing editor of 3D Printr Magazine and an instructor of 3D printing at Santa Monica College Continuing Education.

People Resting Easy Thanks to 3D Printing

Posted by Fred Kaplan On April - 24 - 2017ADD COMMENTS

People Resting Easy Thanks to 3D Printing

Medical start-up turns to 3D printing for customized CPAP masks

By Fred Kaplan

Since the dawn of 3D printing when the first primordial plastic oozed on a build plate, 3D printing has offered the possibility of individually customized production. The promise of the technology is that it will alter traditional shipping and manufacturing methods on a scale we can yet barely imagine. Metamason is a Los Angeles-based medical industry start-up contributing to the landscape of on-demand devices by manufacturing personalized, custom-fit respiratory masks using 3D scanning and printing.

Sleep apnea is a disorder disrupting a person’s breathing during sleep. It is usually treated with Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy. Though CPAP is highly effective, generations of sleep apnea sufferers have struggled with poorly fitting and uncomfortable generic masks at night. Now, Metamason has introduced “Miia,” a mask designed for the unique contours of an individual’s face. Created using virtual scanning and 3D printing, Miia is a soft, flexible mask with a digitally accurate fit.

People Resting Easy Thanks to 3D Printing

Metamason’s online app walks the user through the creation of a custom-fit CPAP mask, incorporating 3D scan data of the patient’s face. After the process is completed, the manufacturing files are instantly printed on 3D printers and shipped to the customer.

We spoke with Leslie Oliver Karpas, founder and CEO of Metamason, to discuss the process of using additive manufacturing to produce an FDA-approved product by starting-up a digital manufacturing company.

3D Printr Magazine: How did you get started in 3D?

Leslie Oliver Karpas: I started using 3ds Max (Autodesk) and Poser (Smith Micro) to create 3D models in junior high school. I got good enough that after high school, I was hired by a local architectural firm to model building designs. One day they printed one of my 8-inch models on their StrataSyS Dimension printer. I was awestruck. The power of seeing that first 3D print still inspires me and is why I am doing what I am doing today.

3D Printr Magazine: How did Metamason get started?

Leslie Oliver Karpas: My late father struggled with conventional CPAP therapy, and during my education at Art Center College of Design, it struck me as one of many medical devices that would profoundly benefit from 3D customization. I founded Metamason in 2013 with two friends who brought a lot of invaluable industry experience to bear. The first two years of the company were furious R&D. We stretched our knowledge and imaginations in the very beginning. We had an idea of where we wanted to go but we had no idea how we were going to get there.

We tried every 3D printer we could get our hands on; we tried every soluble printing material in the catalogue. In order to get FDA approval, the 3D-printed material has to be as similar to the existing products as possible. We knew that we would eventually be custom-casting medical-grade silicone, a process we had to develop ourselves. Fortunately, Metamason is now being incubated by 3D Systems, which has one of the most advanced 3D printing labs in the world.

3D Printr Magazine: Getting FDA approval sounds difficult.

Leslie Oliver Karpas: Our original idea was to print the masks directly in PVA or HIPS materials, which are commonly used as FDM (Fused Deposition Modeling—a standard extrusion 3D printer) support materials; we developed a process for dissolving one of the materials away and using the remaining material for a mold to pour the silicone in. The problem ended up being that the print had too low a resolution, and getting the PVA or HIPS support materials to print the way we wanted was nearly impossible. The difference in temperatures required to print the materials was too extreme.

We then worked with Scion Technology on our next attempt, using 3D Systems’ multi-jet wax printers, CPX 3600. Our plan was to use the wax as mold material in which medical grade silicone is to be formed. The process was successful and had incredibly high print resolution, but it was too expensive for our application. However, it gave us a true proof of concept and a prototype, which got us funded.

We ended up using the ProX 950 SLA at 3D Systems’ 70,000 square foot facility in Golden, Colorado, which was built specifically for 3D printer Class I (minimal risk) to Class III (highest risk) medical devices in accordance with FDA and MDD regulations. The facility is climate controlled and air-locked and each printing technology such as SLA, SLS, multi-jet modeling and color jet has its own controlled environment. We SLA (stereolithography) print a shell with a process we co-developed with 3D Systems. The final masks use multiple SLA components and SLS (selective laser sinter) printed parts.

People Resting Easy Thanks to 3D Printing

Metamason’s scanner for custom-fitting CPAP devices

3D Printr Magazine: Tell me about your 3D scanning workflow?

Leslie Oliver Karpas: Of course, the 3D scanning aspect is its own ball of wax. We are using Intel’s RealSense scanner. The RealSense scanner libraries, which are built into the developer kit, allow the scanner to interact with the JavaScript on our site. Then the JavaScript communicates with our backend which processes all our data. It has been a challenging process and an extremely valuable learning experience. Landmark identification is what we are concerned with—identifying the nose, mouth, and nostrils—so we can orient our product correctly on the face. Our code goes from a 3D scanner to a 3D customization runtime to a HIPAA-compliant packet. Since we are working with a medical device, our data needs to be encrypted and tightly controlled from a security standpoint, which adds another layer of complexity.

3D Printr Magazine: If you were starting now with the knowledge you gained, what would you do differently?

Leslie Oliver Karpas: We spent a lot of time trying to make an FDM printer work in the process. I still believe that FDM’s potential is underrated, and our experimentation with it resulted in high-quality FDM parts we are using as components of our product today, but to use FDM effectively to create a complete product like ours, we would need to build customized multi-nozzle printers and 5- and 6-axis printers. It was exciting to learn about the possibilities for using FDM in these advanced ways, but our situation is more complicated because whatever process we commit to has to be approved by the FDA. The printer itself has be ISO-certified with tight controls on where the printer is and who is operating it. So we want to be able to use existing medical-grade-certified printing facilities if possible, rather than developing our own proprietary printers.

3D Printr Magazine: How have your investors reacted to the 3D-printing aspect of your company?

Leslie Oliver Karpas: 3D printing used to be a draw for all types of investors, but now it’s scaring a lot of them away. The consumer 3D printing market collapsed aggressively for investors last year, and a lot of start-ups went down with it. It might have been healthy for the industry as a whole, but a lot of people lost money when companies who had promised the moon failed to deliver. Medical and aerospace [production] is where we find the money is being made, and even in those fields, it takes a certain kind of investor to recognize which projects are using the technology in ways that are truly innovative and cost-effective. At Metamason, we are looking for investors who are comfortable with medical devices, not scared of 3D printing, and understand the advantages of 3D digital asset workflow. We are uniting Machine Vision with web-based 3D customization and a HIPAA-compliant, FDA-approved manufacturing pipeline for silicone goods which, when put together, become a platform to make individualized silicone objects for medical devices and other functions. Once we get to market in this medical vertical, we are looking forward to expanding into other verticals.

One of the things we are most excited about is the promise of the 3D Systems Figure 4 technology, which combines robotics with high-speed SLA printing. Figure 4 will be ideal for our process since a robotic arm will take the completed print into any number of processes that are robotically controlled.

3D Printr Magazine: What first step would you recommend to someone just starting out with a 3D printer?

Leslie Oliver Karpas: If someone is just starting in the 3D space, I would encourage them to learn a scripting language like JavaScript 3D or WebGL, or both preferably, and pick up a plug-in for Rhino called Grasshopper 3D. Grasshopper 3D is a visual programming language which allows you to do generative design and algorithm-based design. The future is going to be programmatic design, script-generative design and algorithm-based design where scanned input goes into a 3D space, and a design process reacts and formats itself based on the input—meaning, the design resizes itself to user preferences, or in our case, user anatomy. I suspect that the utility of static 3D models will quickly be eclipsed by that of dynamic models built by algorithms. I find that Grasshopper3D is the best sketch tool for this purpose, because it gives you figuring information during the design process. I find it to be useful for everything from a skyscraper to a CPAP mask.

3D Printr Magazine: Where does coding come into play with 3D printing?

Leslie Oliver Karpas: Using Rhino as the CAD program we call “command with code.” We need to do a lot of JavaScript-based commands for Grasshopper3D to behave properly. I recommended basic computer science fundamentals with geometry fundamentals. As a company that is hiring, we have had a hard time finding enough people who combine these skills.

3D Printr Magazine: Do you think there will ever be a 3D printer that will allow you to directly print a CPAP mask?

Leslie Oliver Karpas: That’s difficult to answer. The printer would have to be a multi-material printer, probably purposefully built for our process. Carbon 3D offers excellent materials that possesses the characteristics to directly print our masks, but how do you get the support structure—the mold—off of the printed product? The support will be as durable as the part itself. You could cut it off, but you can’t sand down silicone, which will make it difficult to remove the support and give the part a finished surface. The only way to 3D-print a CPAP mask directly would be to combine a sacrificial support structure with the silicone material. The support structure would have to be biocompatible. Maybe the 3D manufacturing company Collider could do it. If someone came up with a dissolvable sinterable material, that would help. Its seems to me that the fixation of manufacturers on producing end-user parts directly off the print bed does a disservice to technology which would be better served focusing on specific functional tools that work better. I think making parts that are printed to be tools or fixtures or jigs are the best use of 3D printing—especially when you get into sacrificial materials for molds like the ones we are using—which enable fabrication techniques that can’t be done with traditional manufacturing.

For more on Metamason, its job openings and investment opportunities, visit http://www.metamason.com. For more on the combined machining of 3D-printed molds and individually-produced silicone parts, see our story on Chattanooga, Tennessee-based company Collider.

Fred Kaplan is a 3D-printing material specialist, who has worked with SLA, SLS, FDM, ColorJet, ADAM, DLP, LOM, FFF, MultiJet, Polyjet, and SDL 3D printers. Specializing in matching the best technology to a particular 3D printing application, he has also worked with many brands of 3D scanners and many CAD packages.

Prior to his work in additive manufacturing, Fred received a Los Angeles area Emmy and other awards for documentary filmmaking.

Join GABA in Irvine, CA to Discuss the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Recognize the latest developments and how they will affect your business

On May 10, the Southern California Chapter of the German American Business Association will present a panel discussion on the effect of 3D printing on the manufacturing supply chain. GABA will host high-ranking technology experts as they challenge the status quo and prepare consumers and businesses alike for “A Future Without Warehouses and Trucks.”

The creative use of additive manufacturing is revolutionizing entire industries. This is forcing manufacturers to rethink their strategies and adapt their production and revenue streams to changing consumer demands. As Frank Speck, co-chair of Industries 4.0, puts it, this event will help your company disrupt itself “before someone else does.”

To learn more about GABA check their website at http://www.gaba-network.org.

To RSVP for the Industry 4.0 panel discussion, click here.

The panel will be held at:

Georg Fischer Piping Systems
9271 Jeronimo Rd
Irvine, CA 90818

— FS